Elspeth Hayes

Elspeth Hayes

Role within the project

Within EVO-HAFT, Elspeth Hayes is our postdoctoral researcher in residue analysis


E  lspeth “Ebbe” Hayes completed her PhD at the University of Wollongong, Australia, in 2015, under the supervision of Prof. Richard Fullagar. Her PhD research focussed on the function of Aboriginal grinding tools through a detailed functional analysis of the usewear and residue traces on tools from key archaeological sites in Australia (Madjedbebe and Lake Mungo). During her PhD, Ebbe visited Lakehead University in Canada to study chemical methods of residue analysis, including the newest applications of spectroscopy, gas-chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS), biochemical staining and others.

Following the completion of her PhD, Ebbe worked as a Research Fellow in the Centre for Archaeological Science at the University of Wollongong. She has been involved in several collaborative projects to study tool function at early human sites in eastern Asia and Australia, including Denisova Cave (Siberia), Liang Bua (Indonesia) and Madjedbebe (northern Australia).


Doctor of Philosophy (with commendation) 2015
Centre for Archaeological Science,
School of Earth and Environmental Science,
Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health
University of Wollongong

Bachelor of Science (Hons 1) (Geoscience) 2010
School of Earth and Environmental Science,
Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health
University of Wollongong


Journal Articles

Hayes, E. H., Cnuts, D., Lepers, C., & Rots, V. (2017). Learning from blind tests: Determining the function of experimental grinding stones through use-wear and residue analysis. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 11, 245-260.

Fullagar, R., Stephenson, B., & Hayes, E. (2017). Grinding grounds: Function and distribution of grinding stones from an open site in the Pilbara, western Australia. Quaternary International, 427, 175-183.

Marwick, B., Hayes, E., Clarkson, C., & Fullagar, R. (2017). Movement of lithics by trampling: an experiment in the Madjedbebe sediments, northern Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science, 79, 73-85.

Clarkson, C., Jacobs, Z., Marwick, B., Fullagar, R., Wallis, L., Smith, M., Roberts, R.G., Hayes, E., Lowe, K., Carah, X., Florin, SA., McNeil, J., Cox, D., Arnold, LJ., Hua, Q., Huntley, J., Brand, HEA, Manne, T., Fairbairn, A., Shulmeister, J., Lyle, L., Salinas, M., Page, M., Connell, K., Park, G., Norman, K., Murphy, T. & Pardoe, C. (2017). Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago. Nature, 547(7663), 306.

Hayes, E., Fullagar, R., Mulvaney, K., & Connell, K. (2016). Food or fibercraft? Grinding stones and Aboriginal use of Triodia grass (spinifex). Quaternary International.

Rots, V., Hayes, E., Cnuts, D., Lepers, C., & Fullagar, R. (2016). Making sense of residues on flaked stone artefacts: learning from blind tests. PloS one, 11(3), e0150437.

Fullagar, R., Hayes, E., Stephenson, B., Field, J., Matheson, C., Stern, N., & Fitzsimmons, K. (2015). Evidence for Pleistocene seed grinding at Lake Mungo, south‐eastern Australia. Archaeology in Oceania, 50(S1), 3-19.

Smith, M., Hayes, E., & Stephenson, B. (2015). Mapping a millstone: The dynamics of use-wear and residues on a Central Australian seed-grinding implement. Australian Archaeology, 80(1), 70-79.

Clarkson, C., Smith, M., Marwick, B., Fullagar, R., Wallis, L. A., Faulkner, P., Manne, T., Hayes, E.H.,  Roberts, R.G., Jacobs, Z.,  Carah, X., Lowe, K.M.,  Matthews, J. & Florin SA. (2015). The archaeology, chronology and stratigraphy of Madjedbebe (Malakunanja II): a site in northern Australia with early occupation. Journal of Human Evolution, 83, 46-64.

Hayes, E. H., Fullagar, R. L., Clarkson, C. J., & O’Connor, S. (2014). Usewear on the platform: ‘use-flakes’ and ‘retouch-flakes’ from northern Australia and Timor. In An Integration of the Use-Wear and Residue Analysis for the Identification of the Function of Archaeological Stone Tools: International Workshop (Vol. 2649, pp. 77-90). Archaeopress.

Jacobs, Z., Hayes, E. H., Roberts, R. G., Galbraith, R. F., & Henshilwood, C. S. (2013). An improved OSL chronology for the Still Bay layers at Blombos Cave, South Africa: further tests of single-grain dating procedures and a re-evaluation of the timing of the Still Bay industry across southern Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40(1), 579-594.


Hayes, E. (2015). What was ground?: A functional analysis of grinding stones from Madjedbebe and Lake Mungo, Australia. PhD thesis, University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.

Hayes, E. H. (2010). Extending the chronology for Blombos Cave, South Africa: Further evidence for the origins of modern human behaviour. Honours thesis, University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.


Elspeth Hayes
Liege University
Quai Roosevelt, 1B (Bât. A4)
4000 Liège (BELGIUM)
Tel. +32 (0)4 366 53 04
Fax +32 (0)4 366 55 51

  • Ebbe Hayes. The Mirrar Traditional Land Owners sharing their knowledge with the archaeologists, and archaeologists demonstrating sampling techniques
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